Abbot, W. W.

1988 The Papers of George Washington: Colonial Series Vol. 5. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.

Abbot, W. W.

1988 The Papers of George Washington: Colonial Series Vol. 6. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.

Abraham, James

2006 Jessups Dig a Key in US/Caribbean Historical Link. St. Kitts-Nevis Observer, August 4, 2006.

Adams, Natalie

1990 Early African-American Domestic Architecture from Berkeley County, South Carolina. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Affleck, Richard M.

1990 Power and Space: Settlement Pattern Change at Middleburg Plantation, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Agbe-Davies, Anna

1997 An Analysis of Several Enigmatic Features from the Rich Neck Plantation Site. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Corpus Christi, Texas.

Agbe-Davies, Anna

1999 Archaeological Excavation of a Small Cellar on Rich Neck Plantation. Report on file at the Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Agbe-Davies, Anna

1994a Artifact Distributions and Spatial Patterning at the Rich Neck Slave Quarter. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Agbe-Davies, Anna

1994b Preliminary Findings from the Rich Neck Slave Quarter Excavations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Andrews, Susan Trevarthen

1995 Faunal Analysis for Poplar Forest Feature 1206. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Andrews, Susan Trevarthen

1999 Faunal Analysis of North Hill Features, Poplar Forest. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Andrews, Susan Trevarthen

1993 Faunal Analysis of Slave Quarter Site at Poplar Forest. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Andrews, Susan Trevarthen

1996 Poplar Forest Quarter Site Faunal Analysis. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Anthony, Ronald , and Leslie Ann Drucker

1977 The Spiers Landing Site: Archaeological Investigations in Berkeley County, South Carolina. Carolina Archaeological Services, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina.

Anthony, Ronald

2003 Tangible Interaction: Evidence from Stobo Plantation in Historical Archaeology, Vol. 37, No. 4 Edited by J.W. Joseph and Martha Zierden.

Appraisement of the Estate of Philip Ludwell Esqr, Decd.

1913 Virginia Magazine of History and Biography XXI(1): 395-416.

Arendt, Beatrix , Fraser D. Neiman , and Jillian E. Galle

2003 Model Consumers? Clues to Ceramic Acquisition at Slave Quarter Sites in the Greater Chesapeake. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Arendt, Beatrix

2003 Acquire This: A Study of Ceramic Stylistic Variability at Monticello, Mount Vernon, and Stratford Hall. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Providence, Rhode Island. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Armstrong, Douglas V., and Kenneth Kelly

2000 Settlement patterns and the Origins of African Jamaican Society: Seville plantation, St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica. Ethnohistory 47 (2):368-397.

Armstrong, Douglas V., and Kenneth Kelly

1992 Spatial Transformations in African Jamaican Housing at Seville Plantation. Paper presented at the Society for Historical Archaeology Meetings, Kingston, Jamaica.

Armstrong, Douglas V., and Mark Fleischman

2003 House-Yard Burials of Enslaved Laborers in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 7(1):33-65.

Armstrong, Douglas V., and Mark Hauser

2004 An East Indian Laborer’s Household in Nineteenth-century Jamaica: A Case for Understanding Cultural Diversity through Space, Chronology, and Material Analysis. Historical Archaeology, 38(2) 9-21.

Armstrong, Douglas V.

1999 Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Caribbean Plantation. In I, Too, Am America: Archaeological Studies of African American Life, edited byTheresa Singleton. University of Virginia Press. Pp. 173-192.

Armstrong, Douglas V.

2003 Creole Transformation from Slavery to Freedom: Historical Archaeology of the East End Community, St. John, Virgin Islands. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Armstrong, Douglas V.

1998 Cultural transformation within Enslaved Laborer Communities in the Caribbean. In Studies in Culture Contact: Interaction, Culture Change, and Archaeology, edited by James G. Cusick. Center for Archaeological Investigations, Occasional Paper No. 25., Southern Illinios University.

Armstrong, Douglas V.

1991 Recovering an early 18th century Afro-Jamaican Community: Archaeology of the Slave Village at Seville, Jamaica. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Congress for Caribbean Archaeology, , edited by E.N. Ayubi and J.B. Haviser. Reports of the Archaeological-Anthropological Institue of the Netherlands Antilles, No. 9, Curacao, Netherlands.

Armstrong, Douglas V.

2005 Refining the Temporal Dimension in Historical Archaeology: Dating Seville Plantation. Labyrinthos Press, Lancaster, California. Pp. 213-232.

Armstrong, Douglas V.

1991 The Afro-Jamaican House-Yard: An Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Perspective. Florida Journal of Anthropology. Special Publication 7: 51-63.

Armstrong, Douglas V.

1990 The Old Village and the Great House: An Archaeological and Historical Examination of Drax Hall Plantation, St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica. University of Illinois Press.

Atkins, Stephen C.

1994 An Archaeological Perspective on the African-American Slave Diet at Mount Vernon. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Department of Anthropology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Babson, David

1987 Tanner Road Settlement: The Archaeology of Racism on Limerick Plantation. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Bacon, Edmund

EDMUND BACON to THOMAS JEFFERSON. 1808 October 21. Original manuscript on file at Coolidge Collection of Thomas Jefferson Manuscripts, Massachusetts Historical Society

Bacon, Edmund

EDMUND BACON to THOMAS JEFFERSON. 1809 January 12. [2777] Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va

Bacon, Edmund

EDMUND BACON, Monticello, to THOMAS JEFFERSON. 1808 November 17. [2768] Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va

Ball, Edward

1998 Slaves in the Family. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York.

Barile, Kerri Saige

1999 Causes and Creations: Exploring the Relationship between 19th Century Slave Insurrections, Landscape and Architecture at Middleburg Plantation, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Bates, Lynsey , Beatrix Arendt , and Leslie Cooper

2014 Ceramic Variation Among Slave Sites at the Hermitage, TN Scientific Poster Presented at the Society for American Archaeology, April 2014. Austin, Texas.

Bates, Lynsey

2007 Surveillance and Production on Stewart Castle Estate: A GIS-based analysis of models of plantation spatial organization. B.A. Honors Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Baumgarten, Linda

2002 What Clothes Reveal: The Language of Clothing in Colonial and Federal America. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation in association with Yale University Press. Williamsburg, Virginia and New Haven, Connecticut.

Bear, James A., Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton

1997 Thomas Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767-1826. Two volumes. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, 2d. Series. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Bear, James A., Jr.

1967 Jefferson at Monticello. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Bell, Alison K., Michael Smith , Kerri Saige Barile , and Douglas W. Sanford

1998 Archaeology at Stratford: The Old Orchard Field, The 1998 Field School Season. Unpublished manuscript on file at the Center for Historic Preservation, Mary Washington College, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Berlin, Ira

1998 Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Betts, Edwin M., and James A. Bear , Jr.

1986 [1966] The Family Letters of Thomas Jefferson. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Betts, Edwin M.

1976 [1944] Thomas Jefferson University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Betts, Edwin M.

1987 [1953] Thomas Jefferson University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Bevan, Bruce

2001 A Ground-Penetrating Radar Survey at Fairfield. Report on file at the Fairfield Foundation, White Marsh, Virginia.

Bon-Harper, Nick , Jennifer Aultman , Sara Bon-Harper , and Derek Wheeler

2004 Methods in the Analysis of Slave-Occupied Plowzone Sites at Monticello. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Montreal, Canada.

Bon-Harper, Sara , Fraser D. Neiman , and Derek Wheeler

2003 Adjusting the Focus: Site Detection at Monticello. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Bon-Harper, Sara , and Derek Wheeler

2005a Plowzone Archaeology: The Identification of Slaves’ Dwellings on Plowed Sites at Monticello. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, York, England.

Bon-Harper, Sara , and Derek Wheeler

2005b Site Characterization: The Definition of Archaeological Sites using Survey and Excavation Data. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Bon-Harper, Sara , and Derek Wheeler

2006 The Use of Exterior Domestic Space by Enslaved Field Hands: Plowzone Analysis from Monticello. Paper presented in "Plowzone and Surface Studies: Beyond the Methods" symposium at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Bowen, Joanne

1993 Faunal Remains from the House for Families Cellar. Prepared for the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, Archaeology Department, Mount Vernon, Virginia.

Bowen, Joanne

1996 Foodways in the 18th-century Chesapeake. In The Archaeology of 18th-century Virginia, edited by T.R. Reinhart, pp. 87-130. Special Publication no. 35, Archaeological Society of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.

Boyd, C. Clifford, Jr., and Donna C. Boyd

1996 An Osteological Analysis of 18th Century Human Skeletal Remains from Utopia I (44JC32), Kingsmill on the James, James City County, Virginia. Manuscript on file, James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc., Williamsburg, Virginia.

Boyd, Julian , Barbara Oberg , John Cantanzariti , Charles T. Cullen , and Lyman Henry Butterfield

1950-2008 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. [35 volumes to date]. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Boyd, Julian

1961 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Vol. 16, November 1789-July 1790. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Boyer, William P., Jr.

1981 Archaeological Survey at Monticello and Tufton: A Report on the 1981 Season. Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Bray, James , II

1725 James Bray (II) Will and Inventory. Manuscript on file, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rockefeller Library, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Breen, Eleanor

2006 Home is Where the Trash is: Excavating the Early Households of Mount Vernon. Quarterly Bulletin: Archeological Society of Virginia 61(4):186-196.

Breen, Eleanor

2004 Whose Trash is it, Anyway: A Stratigraphic and Ceramic Analysis of the South Grove Midden (44FX762/17), Mount Vernon, Virginia. Northeast Historical Archaeology 33:111-130.

Breen, Eleanor

2003 Whose Trash is it, Anyway? A Stratigraphic and Ceramic Analysis of the South Grove Midden. Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Boston.

Brigance, Fred W.

1976 Historical Background of the First Hermitage. In An Archaeological and Historical Assessment of the First Hermitage, edited by Samuel D. Smith, pp. 27-92. Research Series No. 2, Division of Archaeology, Tennessee Department of Conservation, Nashville, Tennessee.

Briggs, Jenn , and Elizabeth Sawyer

2014 Mends and Mystery Buildings: A case study of inter-structure cross-mended objects from Monticello’s Mulberry Row Reassessment Project Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology in Quebec, Canada, January 2014.

Briggs, Loutrell

1951 Charleston Gardens. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina.

Brooks, Alasdair

1996 Analysis of Ceramics and Glass from the Quarter Site. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Buchanan, P.

1961 Coke-Garrett House Historical Report, Block 27, Building 1, Lot 279-280. Originally entitled: Coke-Garrett House Block 27, Building 1. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library Research Report Series, 1506. Colonial Williamsburg’s Digital History Center Archive, accessed June 30, 2006, (http://www.pastportal.com/cwdl_new/archive/research%20reports/html/rr1506.htm).

Bullock, Helen

1931 Coke-Garrett House Historical Report, Block 27, Building 1, Lot 279-280. Originally entitled: Lottie Garrett or Coke House Block 27 - #1. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library Research Report Series, 1508. Colonial Williamsburg’s Digital History Center Archive, accessed June 30, 2006, (http://www.pastportal.com/cwdl_new/archive/research%20reports/html/rr1508.htm).

Burwell Papers.

1736-1746 James Bray Ledger. In Burwell Account Book No. 1, folios 100-123. Microfilm —1558 (formerly —96-1). Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Rockefeller Library, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Burwell Petition.

1759 Petition of Lewis Burwell. Public Records Office, Privy Council, PRO/PC 2/106, Survey Report 6108, p. 487. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rockefeller Library, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Burwell v. Johnson.

1758 Lewis and Frances Burwell vs. Philip and Elizabeth Johnson. British Museum Additional Manuscripts 36, 218, pp. 138-143. Microfilm 284. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rockefeller Library, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Burwell, Lewis , IV

1782-1783 Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1805. M2031 microfilm, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rockefeller Library, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Byra, Patti L.

1996 The Contextual Meaning of the 1830s Landscape at Middleburg Plantation, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Canel, Hannah B.

1996 Poplar Forest’s Schist Smoking Pipes. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Carson, Cary , William M. Kelso , Dell Upton , Gary Wheeler Stone , and Norman F. Barka

1981 Impermanent Architecture in the Southern American Colonies. In Winterthur Portfolio 16:135-196.

Carson, Cary

2003 Consumption. In A Companion to Colonial America, edited by Daniel Vickers, pp. 334-366. Blackwell, Oxford.

Carson, Cary

1994 The Consumer Revolution in Colonial British America: Why Demand? In Of Consuming Interests: The Style of Life in the 18th century, edited by C. Carson, R. Hoffman, and P. J. Albert, pp.483-700. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Carter, Robert

The Diary of Robert Carter (1721-1727). Transcribed by Anthony W. Smith and W. Berkeley. Microfilm on file at the Rockefeller Library of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Carter, Robert

The Executive Papers. Transcribed by Anthony W. Smith and W. Berkeley. Microfilm on file at the Rockefeller Library of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Carter, Robert

The Letterbooks of Robert Carter, Volumes 1-4. Transcribed by Anthony W. Smith and W. Berkeley. Microfilm on file at The Foundation for Historic Christ Church, Irvington, Virginia and the Rockefeller Library of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Catts, Wade , Stuart Fiedel , Douglas Kellogg , Charles Cheek , Katherine Dinnel , and Kathryn Wood

1999 Phase III Data Recovery Investigations at 18CV362, Ashcomb. Report prepared for the Calvert Soil Conservation District, 1999.

Chambers, S. Allen, Jr.

1993 Poplar Forest and Thomas Jefferson. The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Chaney, Ed

n.d. Historical Background of Mattapany, St. Mary’s County, Maryland. Manuscript on file, Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, St. Leonard, Maryland.

Chaney, Ed

n.d. Personal Communication

Chappell, E. A.

1999 Museums and American Slavery. In I, Too, am America: Archaeological Studies of African-American Life, edited by Theresa A. Singleton, pp. 240-260. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Chappell, E. A.

1989 Social Responsibility and the American History Museum. In Winterthur Portfolio 24: 247-265.

Clites, Elizabeth , and Brian McCray

2010 Monticello Before the Mansion: A Comparative Study of Early Domestic and Industrial Structures on Mulberry Row Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, St. Louis, Missouri. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Clites, Elizabeth , and Lynsey Bates

2008b Whose Trash is This? Unraveling Ethnostratigraphy on Monticello Mountain. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Cody, Carol Ann

1977 A Note on Changing Patterns of Slave Fertility in the South Carolina Rice District, 1735-1865. Southern Studies, 16:457-463.

Cody, Carol Ann

1982 Slave Demography and Family Formation: A Community Study of the Ball Family Plantations, 1720-1896. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, University Microfilms, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Coke, John

1768 Inventory of Estate of John Coke, 1768, February 15. Colonial Williamsburg’s Digital History Center Archive, accessed July 1, 2006, (http://www.pastportal.com/Archive/Probates/Html/PI0241.htm).

Connor, Cynthia

1989 “Sleep On and Take Your Rest”: Black Mortuary Behavior on the East Branch of the Cooper River, South Carolina. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Conolley, Ivor C., Leslie Cooper , Fraser D. Neiman , and Jillian E. Galle

2010 Identifying Change in household- and specialist-produced coarse earthenware from 18th and 19th century Jamaican villages. Scientific Poster Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archaeology, April 2010. St. Louis, MO.

Cooper, Margaret W.

1997 Phase II Archaeological Investigations: Site 44WB90, Williamsburg, Virginia. Unpublished report on file at the Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Cousins, Winifred M.

n.d. Freedom in Jamaica. Undated manuscript adapted from a thesis accepted by the University of London for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the 1920s. In the University of the West Indies Special Collection.

Crader, Diana C.

1990 Slave Diet at Monticello. In American Antiquity 55(4): 690-717.

Crader, Diana C.

1984 The Zooarchaeology of the Storehouse and the Dry Well at Monticello. In American Antiquity 49(3): 542-557.

Dalzell, Lee Baldwin , and Robert E. Dalzell

1998 George Washington. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.

Dames & Moore, Inc.

1999 Chapline Place: Phase III Archeological Investigations Of Site 18CV344, A Mid-Eighteenth To Early-Nineteenth Century Residential Site, Calvert County, Maryland. Report prepared for the Osprey Property Group.

Daniel, Anne L.

1946 Coke-Garrett House Historical Report, Block 27, Building 1, Lot 279-280. Originally entitled: Coke-Garrett House (Block 27 - Colonial Lots 279-280). The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library Research Report Series, 1505. Colonial Williamsburg’s Digital History Center Archive, accessed June 30, 2006, (http://www.pastportal.com/cwdl_new/archive/research%20reports/html/rr1505.htm).

Deetz, James

1988 American Historical Archaeology: Methods and Results. In Science 239: 362-367.

Desandrouins, Jean-Nicolas

1781 Map of the Environs of Williamsburg, in Virginia. Oversize MP/00/1781/61.222. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Dinsmore, James

JAMES DINSMORE to THOMAS JEFFERSON. 1809 February 24. Original manuscript on file at the Coolidge Collection of Thomas Jefferson Manuscripts, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Douet, Valerie Jackson

1993 World Guide to Dolls. Chartwell Books, Inc. Secaucus, New Jersey.

Dunnell, R. C.

1970 Seriation Method and Its Evaluation. American Antiquity, 35: 305-319.

Ebanks, Roderick

2003 The History of Jamaica Ceramics, 1655-1840. Master's of Philosophy thesis, Department of History and Archaeology, University of West Indies, Mona.

Edwards, Thera

1993 Floral History of the Mona Campus, UWI. Project in partial fulfillment of a BSc Environmental Science, UWI.

Errante, James

1993 Waterscape Archaeology: A Survey for 18th Century Boat Landings at Middleburg Plantation, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Evans, Patti

1987 Building D Site Report: The Blacksmith and Nailers’ Shop at Jefferson’s Monticello. Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Ferguson, Leland , and David Babson

1987 Survey of Plantation Sites along the East Branch of the Cooper River: A Model for Predicting Archaeological Site Location. Report submitted to the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia.

Ferguson, Leland

1988 Finding Colonial Afro-American Settlement Patterns on Middleburg Plantation, East Branch Cooper River, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Plans for the 1988 field season. June 10, 1988.

Ferguson, Leland

1989 Lowcountry Plantations, The Catawba Nation, and River Burnished Pottery in Anthropological Studies. Book 10. Goodyear, Albert C. and Hanson, Glen T.

Ferguson, Leland

1999 The Cross is a Magic Sign: Marks on Eighteenth Century Bowls from South Carolina. In I, Too Am America: Archaeological Studies of African-American Life. Edited by Theresa Singleton, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, pp. 116-131.

Ferguson, Leland

1992 Uncommon Ground: Archaeology and Early African America, 1650-1800. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Fesler, Garrett

2000a Back to Utopia: An Interim Report on Renewed Archaeological Excavations at the Utopia Quarter, Field Seasons 1993-1996. Period 1 Occupation, ca. 1675-1700. Volume I. James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc., Williamsburg, Virginia.

Fesler, Garrett

2000b Back to Utopia: An Interim Report on Renewed Archaeological Excavations at the Utopia Quarter, Field Seasons 1993-1996. Period 2 Occupation, ca. 1700-1730. Volume II. James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc., Williamsburg, Virginia.

Fesler, Garrett

2001 Back to Utopia: An Interim Report on Renewed Archaeological Excavations at the Utopia Quarter, Field Seasons 1993-1996. Results of Shovel Testing. Volume V. James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc., Williamsburg, Virginia.

Fesler, Garrett

2004a From Houses to Homes: An Archaeological Case Study of Household Formation at the Utopia Slave Quarter, ca. 1675 to 1775. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Fesler, Garrett

2004b Living Arrangements among Enslaved Women and Men at an Early Eighteenth-Century Virginia Quartering Site. In Engendering African American Archaeology: A Southern Perspective, edited by Jillian E. Galle and Amy L. Young. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Fesler, Garrett

1997 Phase I Archaeological Survey of 270 Acres at the Former Camp Wallace Army Training Base at Kingsmill on the James, James City County, Virginia. Report submitted to Busch Properties, Inc. James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc., Williamsburg, Virginia.

Ford, Worthington Chauncey

1968 Letters of William Lee, 1766-1783. Burt Franklin, New York, New York.

Foster, E. A., C. Tyler Smith , T. Zerjal , R. Meremet , P. de Kniff , and M. A. Jobling

1998 Jefferson Fathered Slave’s Last Child. Nature:196.

Francis-Brown, Suzanne

2005 Finding Families within the Communities Enslaved on the Mona and Papine Estates, 1817-1832. In Caribbean Quarterly. Vol 51 (3-4) pp. 94-108.

Francis-Brown, Suzanne

2004 Mona Past and Present: The History and Heritage of the Mona Campus, University of the West Indies. University of the West Indies Press, Kingston, Jamaica.

Franklin, Maria

2001 A Black Feminist–Inspired Archaeology? Journal of Social Archaeology 1(1):108-125

Franklin, Maria

2004 An Archaeological Study of the Rich Neck Slave Quarter and Enslaved Domestic Life. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Franklin, Maria

n.d. Archaeology at the Palace Lands Site (44WB90), Williamsburg, VA. In preparation.

Franklin, Maria

1997 Out of Site, Out of Mind: The Archaeology of an Enslaved Virginian Household, ca. 1740-1778. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, California. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Frucht, Richard

1977 From Slavery to Unfreedom in the Plantation Society of St. Kitts, W.I. Volume 292, Comparative Perspectives on Slavery in New World Plantation Societies pages 379–388.

Galle, Jillian E., Leslie Cooper , and Fraser D. Neiman

2010 Building a Regional Chronology from Diverse Digital Data: an example from Jamaica Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. St. Louis, Missouri.

Galle, Jillian E., and Fraser D. Neiman

2002 An Elemental Approach to Ceramic Stylistic Analysis. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Mobile, Alabama. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Galle, Jillian E., and Fraser D. Neiman

2003 Patterns of Tea and Tableware Consumption of Late Eighteenth-Century Slave Quarter Sites. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Providence, Rhode Island. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Galle, Jillian E.

2007a Conspicuous consumption and gendered social strategies among slaves in 18th-century Jamaica and Virginia. Paper presented in the session: Approaching Darwin’s Bicentennial. The State of the Art in Evolutionary Archaeology at the Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas.

Galle, Jillian E.

2007b Consumption and gendered social strategies among slaves in Jamaica and the Chesapeake: an archaeological perspective. Paper presented at the World Archaeological Congress Intersession, Kingston, Jamaica, May 2007.

Galle, Jillian E.

2010 Costly signaling and gendered social strategies among slaves in the 18th-century Chesapeake. American Antiquity 75(1):19-43.

Galle, Jillian E.

2004 Designing Women: Measuring Acquisition and Access at the Hermitage Plantation In Engendering African American Archaeology: A Southern Perspective, edited by Jillian E. Galle and Amy L. Young. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Galle, Jillian E.

2006 Strategic Consumption: Archaeological Evidence for Costly Signaling among Enslaved Men and Women in the 18th-Century Chesapeake. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Garrow, Patrick , Amy Friedlander , and Thomas Wheaton

1983 Yaughan and Curriboo Plantations: Studies in Afro-American Archaeology. Soil Systems, Atlanta, Georgia.

Gibbs, Patricia A.

1980 The Palace Lands, 1700-1790. Unpublished report on file at Department of Historical Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Glassie, Henry

1975 Folk Housing in Middle Virginia: A Structural Analysis of Historic Artifacts. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.

Gloucester County Land Tax Records, 1930 and 1974.

Gloucester County Clerk’s Office, Gloucester, Virginia.

Gomez, Michael A.

1998 Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Goodall, William

1770 Rich Neck plat. Oversized map collection, 01/1770/63.20. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Goodwin, Mary R. M.

1958 Kingsmill Plantation, James City County. Ms., Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Gordon-Reed, Annette

1997 Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Grillo, Katherine M.

2002 Building o: An Archaeological Reanalysis of a Mulberry Row Slave Quarter. Unpublished senior thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Groves, Sylvia

1973 The History of Needlework Tools and Accessories. Arco Publishing Company, Inc. New York, New York.

Gruber, Anna

1990 The Archaeology of Mr. Jefferson. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Winterthur Program, University of Delaware, Wilmington, Delaware.

Gruber, Anna

1991 The Archaeology of Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson. In Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 46(1): 2-9.

Hall, Wilmer L.

1945 Executive Journals of the Council of Colonial Virginia, Volume V (1 November 1739). Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Harpole, Thane H., and David A. Brown

2003 Archaeology at Fairfield Plantation, Home of the Burwells: 2002 Excavation Report. Report on file at the Fairfield Foundation, White Marsh, Virginia.

Harris, Edward C.

1979 Principles of Archaeological Stratigraphy. Academic Press, London, England.

Hauser, Mark , and Douglas V. Armstrong

2003 An East Indian Laborer’s Household in 19th Century Jamaica. Proceedings of the XIX International Congress for Caribbean Archaeology. Edited by Luc Alofs and Raymundo A.C.F. Dijkhoff. Museo Arqueologico Aruba Volume 9 (2): 195-210.

Hauser, Mark

2008 An Archaeology of Black Markets: Local Ceramics and Economies in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica. Gainsville: The University of Florida Press.

Hauser, Mark

2007 Between Rural and Urban: The Archaeology Of Slavery And Informal Markets In Eighteenth Century Jamaica In Archaeology of Atlantic Africa and African Diaspora. pp. 292- 310. A. Ogundiron and T. Falola (eds.). Bloomington: University of Indiana Press

Hauser, Mark

2007 Between Urban and Rural: Organization of Local Pottery in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica. In Archaeology of Atlantic Africa and the African Diaspora, edited by Akinwumi Ogundiran and Toyin Falola, pp. 292-310. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Heath, Barbara J.

1999c “Your Humble Servant”: Free Artisans in the Monticello Community. In I, Too, Am America: Archaeological Studies of African-American Life, edited by Theresa A. Singleton, pp. 193-217. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.

Heath, Barbara J., and Amber Bennett

2000 ‘The little spots allow’d them’: The Archaeological Study of African-American Yards. In Historical Archaeology 34(2): 38-55.

Heath, Barbara J.

2003 A Comparative Analysis of African-American Adornment Practices in the Chesapeake. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Providence, Rhode Island. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Heath, Barbara J.

n.d. A Report on Excavations of the Poplar Forest Quarter, North Hill and Wingos Quarters. Draft manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Heath, Barbara J.

1991b A Report on the Archaeological Excavations at Monticello, Charlottesville: The Stewart/Watkins House 1989-1990. Manuscript on File at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Heath, Barbara J.

1994 An Interim Report on the 1993 Excavations: The Quarter Site at Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Heath, Barbara J.

1991a Artisan Housing at Monticello: The Stewart/Watkins Site. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 46(1):10-19.

Heath, Barbara J.

2001 Bounded Yards and Fluid Borders: Landscapes of Slavery at Poplar Forest. In Places of Cultural Memory, African Reflections on the American Landscape. Conference Proceedings. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, pp. 69-81.

Heath, Barbara J.

1999b Buttons, Beads, and Buckles: Contextualizing Adornment Within the Bounds of Slavery. In Historical Archaeology, Identity Formation, and the Interpretation of Ethnicity, edited by Maria Franklin and Garrett Fesler, pp.47-69. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation and Dietz Press, Richmond, Virginia.

Heath, Barbara J.

2004 Engendering Choice: Slavery and Consumerism in Central Virginia. In Engendering African-American Archaeology: A Southern Perspective, edited by Jillian E. Galle and Amy L. Young. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Heath, Barbara J.

1999a Hidden Lives: The Archaeology of Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson’s Poplar Forest. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Heath, Barbara J.

1993 Report on the Archaeological Testing for the Proposed Tree Screen, March-April. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Heath, Barbara J.

1997 Slavery and Consumerism: A Case Study from Central Virginia. In African-American Archaeology, Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network 19: 1-8.

Higman, B. W.

1973 Household Structure and Fertility on Jamaican Slave Plantations: A Nineteenth-Century Example. In Population Studies (27) 527-50.

Higman, B. W.

2001 Jamaica Surveyed: Plantation Maps and Plans of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. University of the West Indies Press. Kingston, Jamaica.

Higman, B. W.

1998 Montpelier, Jamaica: A Plantation Community in Slavery and Freedom, 1739-1912. University of the West Indies Press, Mona, Jamaica.

Higman, B. W.

2005 Plantation Jamaica, 1750-1850: Capital and Control in a Colonial Economy. University of the West Indies Press, Mona, Jamaica.

Higman, B. W.

2003 The Letterbooks of Isaac Jackson, Jamaican Planting Attorney, 1839-1843. In Journal of Caribbean History (37) 317-29.

Hill, Martha

2003 Mulberry Row Project 15 vols. Unpublished report on file at the Jefferson Library, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Hill, Martha

2002a Summary of Archaeological Excavations by Site. Mulberry Row Project. Unpublished report on file at the Jefferson Library, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville Virginia.

Hill, Martha

2002b Summary of Archaeological and Documentary Evidence for Excavated and Standing Buildings on Mulberry Row. Unpublished report on file at the Jefferson Library, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville Virginia.

Hill, Max L., III

n.d. A Brief History of Middleburg. Manuscript on file, South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Hood, Graham

1991 The Governor’s Palace in Williamsburg: A Cultural History. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Hume, Ivor Noel

1969 A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America. Vintage Books, New York, New York.

Inventory of the Estate of Lucy L. Paradise.

1812 The Virginia Historical Society, Mss1-L51 f204-205 Section 98 and C227 f72-73.

Jackson, Donald , Philander D. Chase , Beverly H. Runge , Dorothy Twohig , and Frederick Hall Smith

1976 The Papers of George Washington, Diaries vol. 1, 1748-1765. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Jefferson, Thomas

1791-1803 Account Book. Thomas Jefferson Papers, Manuscripts and Archives Division, New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Jefferson, Thomas

1766-1824 Garden Book [electronic edition]. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

1808d Monticello: 2nd roundabout (plat). N216; K168e. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1808b Monticello: 3rd roundabout (plat). N215; K168d. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1808c Monticello: 4th roundabout (plat). N214; K168c. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1809a Monticello: Survey notes. N213; K168b. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1796 Monticello: building insurance. N133; K136. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1770 Monticello: building notebook, page 10 of 52. N106; K77. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1771 Monticello: building notebook, page 11 of 52. N107; K78. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

n.d. Monticello: dependencies (cross-section). N60; K33. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

n.d. Monticello: dependencies (plan). N56; K31. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

n.d. Monticello: dependencies (study plan). N32; K10. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1793b Monticello: east roads and fields (plat). N194; K167b. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

1806a Monticello: estate lands (plat). N209; K168. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org 

Jefferson, Thomas

1807 Monticello: farm book notes, page 2 of 3. N182.2; K164. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1809b Monticello: mountaintop (plat). N225; K169. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1804 Monticello: notebook of improvements, 1804-1807. N171; K161 and K162 Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

n.d. Monticello: orchard and vineyard (plat). N234; K168g. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

n.d. Monticello: outbuildings and garden (early study). N85; K55a. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1776a Monticello: outbuildings and garden (study), circa 1776-1778. N87; K56. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1776b Monticello: outbuildings, circa 1776-1778. N88; K57. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

1808a Monticello: park (plat). N221; K168j. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

1778b Monticello: south field (plat). N131; K94f. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

1778c Monticello: south field (plat). N132; K94g. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

1770 Monticello: stone house (slave quarters). N38; K16. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

1806b Monticello: survey notes, page 2 of 3. N203.2; K167i . Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1793a Monticello: survey notes. N196; K167d. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

n.d. Monticello: surveyed land (plat). N201; K167h. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1806c Monticello: surveyed land (plat). N204; K167j. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1808e Monticello: surveyed land (plat). N218; K168g. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org

Jefferson, Thomas

1778a Monticello: timber zone (plat). N130; K94e. Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, MA. http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/

Jefferson, Thomas

n.d. Plan for a nailery. N191. CSmH9380. The Huntington Library, San Marino, CA.

Jefferson, Thomas

1771 Studies for plans for dependencies with brick estimates. N59. CSmH9365. The Huntingrton Library, San Marino, CA.

Jefferson, Thomas

THOMAS JEFFERSON to JAMES DINSMORE. 1809 February 27. Private Collection, William Beiswanger compilation.

Jefferson, Thomas

THOMAS JEFFERSON to EDMUND BACON. 1808 October 17. Original manuscript on file at the Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, Ca.

Jefferson, Thomas

THOMAS JEFFERSON, Poplar Forest, to MARTHA JEFFERSON. 1814 June 6. Coolidge Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Jefferson, Thomas

THOMAS JEFFERSON, Washington, to EDMUND BACON. 1808 December 6. Original manuscript on file at the Coolidge Collection of Thomas Jefferson Manuscripts, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Jester, Annie Lash, and Martha Woodroof Hiden

1987 Adventurers of Purse and Person VIRGINIA 1607-1624/5. Third edition, revised and edited by Virginia M. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman. The Dietz Press, Inc; Richmond, Virginia.

Jobe, Jeffrey

1998 Preliminary Analysis of Archaeobotanical Material Recovered from Middleburg Plantation, South Carolina. Manuscript, Department of Archaeology, Boston University.

John Milner, Associates

2004 Cultural Landscape Study, Volume 1: Chapters 1-4. Report to Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, Mount Vernon, VA, from John Milner Associates, Inc., Charlottesville, VA.

Jones, John G.

2002 Analysis of Pollen from Poplar Forest. Manuscript on file, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia.

Joseph, Kathryn

1987 Agricultural Construction on the East Branch of Cooper River from 1780-1825. Paper presented to the Southeastern Archaeological Conference and Eastern States Archaeological Federation, Charleston, South Carolina.

Kellar, Elizabeth J., Steven Kidd , and Whitney Battle

2000 Report of Excavations Conducted at Triplex North Report on file at the Hermitage.

Kelso, William M., Diana C. Johnson , Ann M. Smart , Anna Gruber , and Douglas W. Sanford

1985 Monticello Black History/Craft Life Archaeological Project, 1984-1985. Progress report. Submitted to the National Endowment for the Humanities. Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Kelso, William M., Sondy Sanford , Diana C. Johnson , Anna Gruber , and Douglas W. Sanford

1984 A Report on the Archaeological Excavations at Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1982-1983. Submitted to the National Endowment for the Humanities. Appendix A (D. Sanford), Appendix B (Crader), Appendix C (S. Sanford), Appendix E (Gruber). Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1982 A Report on the Archaeological Excavations at Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1979-1981. Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1973 An Interim Report on Historical Archaeology at Kingsmill: The 1972 Season. Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Yorktown, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1977 An Interim Report on Historical Archaeology at Kingsmill: The 1975 Season. Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Yorktown, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1974 An Interim Report on the Excavation at Kingsmill Plantation: The 1973 Season. Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Yorktown, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1984a Archaeological Excavation of the Levy Tomb/ Stonehouse Site, Mulberry Row, Monticello: Preliminary Report. Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1997 Archaeology at Monticello: Artifacts of Everyday Life in the Plantation Community. Monticello Monograph Series. Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1995 Archaeology of Chesapeake Common Folks: Artifacts of Definition and Change Among the Rich and Poor at Kingsmill and Monticello, 1650-1810. In Common People and Their Material World: Free Men and Women in the Chesapeake, 1700-1830, edited by David Harvey and Gregory Brown, pp. 75-93. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Research Publications. Dietz Press, Richmond, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1976 Historical Archaeology at Kingsmill: The 1974 Season. Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Yorktown, Virginia.

Kelso, William M.

1984b Kingsmill Plantations, 1619-1800: Archaeology of Country Life in Colonial Virginia. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Florida.

Kelso, William M.

1986b Mulberry Row: Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello. In t Archaeology 39(5): 28-35.

Kelso, William M.

1986a The Archaeology of Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello: “A Wolf by the Ears.” In t Journal of New World Archaeology 6(4): 5-20.

Kern, Susan A.

2005 The Jeffersons at Shadwell: The Social and Material World of a Virginia Plantation. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of History, College of William and Mary.

Kern, Susan

1993 Research Notes: Kitchen. South Wing Research. Unpublished document on file at the Monticello Department of Archaeology, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Kimball, Fiske

1968 [1916] Thomas Jefferson, Architect. Original Designs in the Coolidge Collection of the Massachusetts Historical Society with an Essay and Notes by Fiske Kimball. New Introduction by Frederick Doveton Nichols. Da Capo Press, New York, New York.

Kneebone, John T.

1998 Dictionary of Virginia Biography, Volume 1. Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Kulikoff, Alan

1986 Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Latty, Vitalyn Dias

2006 A Study of Excavated Material from Papine. A research paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Heritage Studies. The University of the West Indies, Mona.

Lee Family Papers, 1638-1867.

Manuscripts, Mss1 L51. Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia.

Leech, Roger , and Bruce Williams

2003 The early colonial landscape and history of St. Kitts and Nevis: Historical archaeology for the Nevis Heritage Project in June-August 2003. Nevis Historical and Conservation Society Newsletter, No. 70, November 2003. http://www.nevis-nhcs.org/newsletter/NHCS%20Newsletter%20Nov%202003.pdf

Leepson, Marc

2001 Saving Monticello: The Levy Family. The Free Press: New York, New York.

Littlefield, Daniel

1981 Rice and Slaves. University of Louisiana Press, Baton Rouge.

Looney, J. Jefferson, and Barbara Oberg

2008 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition, Main Series, Volume 18 (4 November 1790). University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Looney, J. Jefferson

2004 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson: Retirement Series Volume 1. March 1809 to November 1809. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Ludwell Family.

1911 William and Mary Quarterly, 1st series, 19(3): 199-214.

Ludwell Papers, 1678-1828 (1879).

Microfilm, Special Collections, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Marcil, Valerie G.

1993 Continuity and Change: Colono Ware as a Coping Tool for African Americans. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Martin, Ann Smart

1994 “Fashionable Sugar Dishes, Latest Fashion Ware”: The Creamware Revolution in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake. In Historical Archaeology of the Chesapeake, edited by Paul A. Shackel and Barbara J. Little, pp. 169-188. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.

Mason, Polly Cary

1994 Records of Colonial Gloucester County, Virginia, Volume II. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland.

McCartney, Martha

1991 History of the Governor’s Land at Two Rivers, James City County, Virginia. On file, James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc. Williamsburg, Virginia.

McClure, James P.

1977 Littletown Plantation, 1700-1745. Master's thesis, Department of History, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.

McFaden, Leslie , Jennifer Jones , David Muraca , and Philip Levy

1999 Interim Report: The Archaeology of Rich Neck Plantation, VDHR File Number 97-1411-F. Report on file at the Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

McFaden, Leslie , and David Muraca

1994 Archaeological Testing at Holly Hills. Report on file at the Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

McGhan, Judith

1982 Virginia Will Records. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland.

McIlwaine, H. R.

1925 Executive Journals of the Council of Colonial Virginia, Volume I (11 June 1680 -22 June 1699). Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

McKee, Larry , Brian W. Thomas , and Jennifer Bartlett

1994 Summary Report on the 1993 Hermitage Mansion Yard Excavation Report on file at The Hermitage.

McKee, Larry

1990 Preliminary Report on the 1990 Excavation at the Hermitage Field Quarter Site. Ms. on file, The Ladies' Hermitage Association, Hermitage, Tennessee.

McKee, Larry

1991 Summary Report of the 1990 Hermitage Field Quarter Excavation. Tennessee Anthropological Association Newsletter 16(1):1-17.

McLaughlin, Jack

1988 Jefferson and Monticello: The Biography of a Builder. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

McVey, Shannon L.

2011 A House But Not A Home? Measuring “Householdness” in the Daily Lives of Monticello’s “Nail Boys.” Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Mesick Cohen Waite, Architects

1991 Monticello Historic Structure Report, Volume I. Prepared by Mesick Cohen Waite Architects. Report on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia. N-59.

Mesick Cohen Waite, Architects

1993 Mount Vernon Historic Structures Report, Volume 1. Report to Mount Vernon Ladies' Association. Albany, New York.

Miller, George , Patricia Samford , Andrew Madsen , and Ellen Shlasko

2000 Telling Time for Archaeologists. In Northeast Historical Archaeology, Volume 29, pp. 1-22.

Miller, Henry M.

1978 Pettus and Utopia: A Comparison of the Faunal Remains from Two Late Seventeenth Century Virginia Households. Conference on Historic Site Archaeology Papers, 1978, Volume 13, edited by Stanley South, pp. 158-179.

Mintz, Sidney

1996 Enduring substances, trying theories: the Caribbean region as oikoinoume. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 2:289-311.

Morgan, Philip

1998 Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Mullin, Gerald W.

1972 Flight and Rebellion: Slave Resistance in Eighteenth-Century Virginia. Oxford University Press, New York.

Munsell Soil Color Charts.

2000 Munsell Soil Color Charts. Revised Washable Edition. GretagMacbeth, 617 Little Britain Road, New Windsor, NY 12553. (800) 565-5660.

Muraca, David

1993 Archaeological Testing at Rich Neck. Report on file at the Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Myers, L. Daniel, Dana Linck , and Paula Mask

1999 Final Report For A “Phase I And II” Archaeological Investigation Of The Proposed Young Property’s Young Archaeological Site (18CV344), Prince Frederick, Calvert County, Maryland. Report prepared for the Osprey Development Corporation, July 1999.

Neiman, Fraser D., Jillian E. Galle , and Derek Wheeler

2003 Chronological Inference and DAACS. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Providence, Rhode Island. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Neiman, Fraser D., Karen Y. Smith , Sara Bon-Harper , and Derek Wheeler

2008 Measuring Settlement Pattern Change on the Monticello Plantation Home Farm. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Albequerque, New Mexico, January 2008.

Neiman, Fraser D., Leslie McFaden , and Derek Wheeler

2000 Archaeological Investigation of the Elizabeth Hemings Site (44AB438). Monticello Department of Archaeology Technical Report Series Number 2, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Neiman, Fraser D., and Jillian E. Galle

2001b The Digital Archaeological Archive of Chesapeake Slavery and Internet Technologies. Unpublished paper presented in the symposium, "What Can Electronic Publication Do for American Archaeology?," at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, New Orleans, Louisiana. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Neiman, Fraser D., and Jillian E. Galle

2001a Toward regional consensus: The Digital Archaeological Archive of Chesapeake Slavery. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Long Beach, California. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Neiman, Fraser D., and Karen Y. Smith

2005 How Can Bayesian Smoothing and Correspondence Analysis Help Decipher the Occupational Histories of Late-Eighteenth Century Slave Quarters at Monticello? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Neiman, Fraser D.

1977a An Archaeological Survey of Stratford Plantation, Westmoreland County, Virginia. Submitted to the Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission. Unpublished manuscript on file with the Robert E. Lee Memorial Association, Stratford, Virginia.

Neiman, Fraser D.

2000 Coincidence or Causal Connection? The Relationship between Thomas Jefferson’s Visits to Monticello and Sally Hemings’s Conceptions. William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series LVII(1):198-210.

Neiman, Fraser D.

2005 Comment on Bliege Bird, R. and E.A. Smith, “Signaling Theory, Strategic Interaction, and Symbolic Capital.” In Current Anthropology 46(2): 242-243.

Neiman, Fraser D.

2000 Dissecting Plowzone Palimpsests with Bayesian Spatial Smoothing and Correspondence Analysis. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Neiman, Fraser D.

1997b Evolutionary game theory, Sub-floor Pits, and the Social Dynamics of Chesapeake Slavery. Unpublished paper presented in the forum, "Doing Social Archaeology with Darwinian Theory," organized by Fraser Neiman and James Boone, at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Nashville, Tennessee.

Neiman, Fraser D.

1998 Modeling Social Dynamics in Colonial and Antebellum Slave Architecture: Monticello in Historical Perspective. Unpublished paper presented at the Slavery Housing Conference at the International Center for Jefferson Studies, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Neiman, Fraser D.

1977b Responses of the Chesapeake Plantation System to Culture Changes in the Late 18th Century: The Evidence from Kingsmill and Stratford. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Ottawa, Canada.

Neiman, Fraser D.

1997a Sub-Floor Pits and Slavery in 18th- and Early 19th-Century Virginia. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Corpus Christi, Texas. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Neiman, Fraser D.

2008 The lost world of Monticello: an evolutionary perspective. Journal of Anthropological Research 64(2):161-193.

Nelson, Louis , Fraser D. Neiman , and Jillian E. Galle

2007 Archaeological Counterpoint: Jamaica and the Chesapeake in the 18th century. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology,Williamsburg, Virginia.

Nichols, Frederick Doveton

1995 [1961] Thomas Jefferson’s Architectural Drawings, Compiled and with Commentary and a Checklist. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Nugent, Maria

1907 [1839] Lady Nugent’s Journal London: Published for the Institute of Jamaica by A. & C. Black, 1907. Edited by Frank Cundall. Reprinted from a journal kept by Maria, Lady Nugent, from 1801 to 1815, issued for private circulation in 1839.

Nugent, Nell Marion

1992 [1934] Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grant. Press of the Dietz Print Company, Richmond, Virginia.

Nugent, Nell Marion

1979 Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1623-1666, Volume I. Virginia Book Company, Berryville, Virginia.

O'Shaughnessy, Andrew

2000 An Empire Divided: The American Revolution and the British Caribbean. University Press of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Oberg, Barbara , and J. Jefferson Looney

2008 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition, Main Series, Volume 20 (1 April-4 August 1791). University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Oberg, Barbara

2004 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Volume 31, 1 February 1799 to 31 May 1800. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Oberg, Barbara

2005 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Volume 32, 1 June 1800 to 16 February 1801. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Oberg, Barbara

2007 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Volume 34, 1 May to 31 July 1801. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Oberg, Barbara

2008 The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Volume 35, 1 August to 30 November 1801. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Ogata, Kerry L.

1995 African American Women and Medicine: Expanding Interpretations of Colono Ware. Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina.

Oliver, V. L.

1912 Butler of Nevis Caribbeana 2, pp. 59-68.

Oliver, V. L.

1913 Nevis Island 1677-8 Caribbeana 3, pp. 70-80.

Olson, Heather L.

2003 ‘Constantly Employed’: Chronological and Regional Differences in Tool Use at Seven Slave Sites in the Virginia Chesapeake. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Providence, Rhode Island. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Olson, Heather L., and Barbara J. Heath

1999 Personal Work Time and the Presence of Tools at Two Slave Quarter Sites in Central Virginia. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Salt Lake City Utah.

Outlaw, Alain C., Beverly A. Bogley , and Merry A. Outlaw

1977 Rich Man, Poor Man: Status Definition in Two Seventeenth-Century Ceramic Assemblages from Kingsmill. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Ottawa, Canada.

Panning, Steven

1996a Exploring Stewart Castle Estate. Jamaican Historical Society Bulletin, 10 (14), pp 172-180.

Panning, Steven

1996b Exploring Stewart Castle Estate. Jamaican Historical Society Bulletin, pp 200-205.

Pettus, Thomas , II

1691 Inventory of Estate. Henrico County Court Records, Vol. 1 (1650-1717), pp. 73-74.

Pi-Sunyer, Oriol

1957 Archaeological Excavations at Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia. Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Pi-Sunyer, Oriol

1963 Excavations at Mulberry Row, Monticello. In Explorer 5(4): 20-25.

Pickett, Dwayne W.

1997 Phase I/II Archaeological Investigations of the Palace Pasture: Lot 178 in Block 34 of Colonial Williamsburg’s Historic Area. Unpublished report on file at the Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Pogue, Dennis J., Eleanor Breen , and Esther C. White

2005 Digging for Trash and Finding Treasure at Mount Vernon. The Magazine Antiques CLXVIII(3):88-95.

Pogue, Dennis J.

2001 Slave Lifeways at Mount Vernon: An Archaeological Perspective. In Slavery at the Home of George Washington, edited by Philip J. Schwarz, pp. 111-129. Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, Mount Vernon, Virginia.

Pogue, Dennis J.

2003 The Domestic Architecture of Slavery at George Washington’s Mount Vernon. In Winterthur Portfolio 37(1): 3-22.

Privy Council Registers.

1738-1778 Public Records Office, Privy Council Registers, PRO/PC 2/109, Survey Report 6111, pp. 130-135. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rockefeller Library, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Purdie, Alexander

1778 Virginia Gazette. May 1th, 1778.

Ramenofsky, Ann , Fraser D. Neiman , and Christopher Pierce

2009 Measuring Time, Population, And Residential Mobility From The Surface at San Marcos Pueblo, North Central New Mexico. American Antiquity 74(3): 505-530.

Raymer, Leslie

2003 Archaeobotanical Analysis from Data Recovery Excavations at the North Hill and Quarter Sites, Jefferson’s Poplar Forest: A Study of Enslaved African-American Subsistence Patterns. New South Associates Technical Report #781. New South Associates, Stone Mountain, GA.

Reinhart, Theodore , Eric G. Ackermann , Barbara Davis , and Esther C. White

1987 Material Culture, Social Relations, And Spatial Organization On A Colonial Frontier: The Pope Site (44SN180), Southampton County, Virginia. Prepared for the Virginia Department of Transportation, 1221 E. Broad St. Richmond, VA 23219. 30 April 1987.

Reinhart, Theodore

1984 Unpaginated manuscript of 1984 field results at site 44JC298. On file at the Anthropology Department, the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Rice, Prudence M.

1987 Pottery Analysis: A Source Book. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

Robertson, Ian

1999 Spatial and Multivariate Analysis, Random Sampling Error, and Analytical Noise: Empirical Bayesian Methods at Teotihuacan, Mexico. American Antiquity, 64(1):137-152.

Russell, Aaron E.

1997 Material Culture and African-American Spirituality at the Hermitage Historical Archaeology, Vol. 31, No. 2 (1997), pp. 63-80.

Samford, Patricia

1991 Archaeological Investigations of a Probable Slave Quarter at Rich Neck Plantation, 44WB52. Report on file at the Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Samford, Patricia

2000 Power Runs in Many Channels: Subfloor Pits and West African-Based Spiritual Traditions in Colonial Virginia. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Samford, Patricia

1999 Strong is the Bond of Kinship: West African Ancestor Shrines and Subfloor Pits on African-American Quarters. In Historical Archaeology, Identity Formation, and the Interpretation of Ethnicity, edited by Maria Franklin and Garrett Fesler, pp. 71-92. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Research Publications. Dietz Press, Richmond, Virginia.

Samford, Patricia

1996 The Archaeology of African-American Slavery and Material Culture. In William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, Vol. LIII, No. 1.

Sanford, Douglas W.

1985 A Report on the Archaeological Excavations of Servant’s Houses “r,” “s,” and “t,” and the Related Landscape. In Monticello Black History/Craft Life Archaeological Project, 1984-1985. Progress report. Submitted to the National Endowment for the Humanities. Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia. pp. 18-23.

Sanford, Douglas W.

1999b Archaeology at Stratford: The Old Orchard Field (2nd Season) – The 1999 Field School Season. Unpublished manuscript on file with the Center for Historic Preservation, Mary Washington College, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Sanford, Douglas W.

2000 Archaeology at Stratford: The Old Orchard Field (3rd Season), The 2000 Field School Season. Unpublished manuscript on file with the Center for Historic Preservation, Mary Washington College, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Sanford, Douglas W.

1999a Landscape, Change, and Community at Stratford Hall Plantation: An Archaeological and Cultural Perspective. In Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 54(1): 2-19.

Sanford, Douglas W.

1991 Middle Range Theory and Plantation Archaeology: An Analysis of Domestic Slavery at Monticello, Albemarle County, Virginia, ca. 1770-1830. In Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 46(1): 20-30.

Sanford, Douglas W.

1995 The Archaeology of Plantation Slavery at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello: Context and Process in an American Slave Society. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Sanford, Douglas W.

1994 The Archaeology of Plantation Slavery in Piedmont Virginia: Context and Process. In The Historic Chesapeake, edited by Paul Shackel and Barbara Little, pp. 115-130. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Sanford, Douglas W.

2003 The Building in the Old Orchard at Stratford: A Test Case for the Digital Archaeological Archive of Chesapeake Slavery. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Providence, Rhode Island.

Sanford, Douglas W.

1984 The Nailery Addition “j.” Manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia. In "A Report on the Archaeological Excavations at Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1982-1983" by William M. Kelso, Douglas W. Sanford, Dinah Crader Johnson, Sondy Sanford, and Anna Gruber.

Savitt, Todd L.

1988 Slave Health and Southern Distinctiveness. Edited by Savitt and James Harvey Young, pp. 120-153, University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.

Sawyer, Elizabeth , and Lynsey Bates

2008a “In Digging My Dry Well”: Examining Early Life on Monticello Mountain. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Albuquerque, New Mexico. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Sawyer, Jesse , and Beatrix Arendt

2002 Following the Yellow Brick Road: The DAACS-Munsell Color Range System. Unpublished paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Mobile, Alabama. On file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Self, Robert L., and Susan R. Stein

1998 The Collaboration of Thomas Jefferson and John Hemings: Furniture Attributed to the Monticello Joinery. In Winterthur Portfolio 33(4): 231-248.

Shepard, Anna O.

1980 Ceramics for the Archaeologist. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Shepperson, Archibald Bolling

1942 John Paradise and Lucy Ludwell of London and Williamsburg. The Dietz Press, Richmond, Virginia.

Shlasko, Ellen

1989 Delftware Chronology: A New Approach to Dating English Tin-Glazed Ceramics. M.A. thesis, Department of Anthropology, the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Shumate, M. Scott

1992 Georgian Worldview: Its Definition, History, and Influence on the Material World of Thomas Jefferson. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Shumate, M. Scott

1991 The Architecture of Jefferson’s Mulberry Row: Changes in Form, 1770-1826. In Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 46(1): 31-41.

Siener, William H., and Charles A. Bodie

1976 A Guide to Gloucester County, Virginia, historical manuscripts, 1651-1865. Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Slatten, Richard , and Janice L. Abercrombie

1992 Virginia Publick Claims, Gloucester Count. Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, Georgia.

Smith, F. H.

1993 Eighteenth-Century History of the Ludwell Family at Rich Neck Plantation in Williamsburg, Virginia. Department of Archaeological Research, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Smith, Karen Y., Fraser D. Neiman , and Jillian E. Galle

2006 Interpreting the Occupational Histories of Two Late-Eighteenth-Century Slave Quarters at Monticello. Paper presented in "Plowzone and Surface Studies: Beyond the Methods" symposium at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Smith, Karen Y., and Fraser D. Neiman

2007 Frequency seriation, correspondence analysis, and Woodland-Period ceramic assemblage variation in the Deep South Southeastern Archaeology, 26(1):47-72.

Smith, Karen Y., and Leslie Cooper

2011 Intra- and Inter-Regional Analysis of Colonoware: Interpreting Patterns in Manufacture and Use. Unpublished paper presented at Society for Historical Archaeology Conference in Austin, Texas.

Smith, Karen Y., and Leslie Cooper

2011 Intra- and Inter-Regional Analysis of Colonoware: Interpreting Patterns in Manufacture and Use. Paper presented at Society for Historical Archaeology Conference, Austin.

Smith, Samuel D., Michael Martin , Stephen D. Cox , Emanuel Breitburg , and Fred W. Brigance

1977 Results of the 1976 Season of the Hermitage Archaeology Project. Report prepared for the Ladies' Hermitage Association and the Tennessee American Revolution Bicentennial Commission.

Smith, Samuel D.

1976 An Archaeological and Historical Assessment of the First Hermitage. Tennesse Division of Archaeology Research Series No. 2. Published by the Tennesse Division of Conservation, Nashville, Tennesse.

Sobel, Mechal

1987 The World They Made Together: Black and White Values in 18th-Century Virginia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

South, Stanley

1977 Method and Theory in Historical Archaeology. Academic Press, New York, New York.

Spotswood, Alexander

1973 The Official letters of Alexander Spotswood, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony of Virginia, 1710-1722. AMS Press, New York, New York.

Sprinkle, John H., Jr.

1984 An Archaeological Survey of “The Governor’s Land”, James City County, Virginia. Unpublished MA thesis, Department of Anthropology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Stanton, Lucia C., and James A. Bear , Jr.

1997 Thomas Jefferson Two volumes. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, 2d. Series. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Stanton, Lucia C.

2000 Free Some Day: The African-American Families of Monticello. Monticello Monograph Series. Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Stanton, Lucia C.

1996 Slavery at Monticello. Monticello Monograph Series. Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Stephenson, Mary A.

1963 A Record of the Bray Family, 1658-ca.1800. Ms., Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rockefeller Library, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Sussman, Lynne

1997 Mocha, Banded, Cat’s Eye, and Other Factory-Made Slipware Studies in Northeast Historical Archaeology, Monograph Series of the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, Number 1.

Tate, Thad W.

1965 The Negro in Eighteenth-Century Williamsburg. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Terrell, John E.

2006 Human biogeography: evidence for our place in nature. Journal of Biogeography, 33(12):2088-2098.

Terry, George

1981 ‘Champaign Country’: A Social History of an Eighteenth Century Lowcountry Parish in South Carolina, St. Johns Berkeley County. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of History, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.

The Governor’s Palace: Historical Notes ca. 1930

1990 Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library Research Report Series - 219. Williamsburg, Virginia

The Munsell Book of Color.

The Munsell Book of Color, The Glossy Edition. Volumes 1 and 2, Removable Samples in Two Binders. GretagMacbeth, 617 Little Britain Road, New Windsor, NY 12553. (800) 565-5660.

Thomas Jefferson Foundation, (TJF)

1997 Master Plan: 1997-2006. Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Inc. Charlottesville, Virginia.

Thomas Jefferson Foundation, (TJF)

2001 Mulberry Row Reassessment: The Building l Site. Unpublished manuscript on file at the Department of Archaeology, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Thomas, Brian W., Larry McKee , and Jennifer Bartlett

1995 Summary Report on the 1995 Hermitage Field Quarter Excavation. Ms. on file, The Ladies' Hermitage Association, Hermitage, Tennessee.

Thomas, Brian W.

1995 Community among Enslaved African Americans on the Hermitage Plantation, 1820s-1850s. Ph. D. diss., Dept. of Anthropology, State Univ. of New York at Binghamton, New York. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Thomas, Brian W.

1998 Power and Community: The Archaeology of Slavery at The Hermitage Plantation. American Antiquity, Vol. 63, No. 4, pp. 531-551.

Tubby, Raymond

1995 Phase II Archaeological Investigation of the NAVAIR Site – 18ST642. Report prepared for Turner Collie & Braden, Inc.

Tubby, Raymond

1998 Phase III Archaeological Investigation of the NAVAIR Site 18ST642. Report prepared for Turner Collie & Braden, Inc.

Urofsky, Melvin I.

2001 The Levy Family and Monticello, 1834-1923: Saving Thomas Jefferson’s House. The University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Virginia Gazette.

1769 Advertisement, Samuel Coke and Sarah Coke, January 12, 1769, page 4. Purdie & Dixon, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Virginia Gleanings in England.

1911 Virginia Historical Magazine, Dec. 3, XIX: 288-289.

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 1:1:178.

1893 Untitled.

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 51:4:377.

1942 Untitled.

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.

1938 Deed Releasing Littletown/Utopia to James Bray, XLVI(1):52-55.

Walsh, Lorena S., Gregory Brown , Jennifer Jones , Ann Smart Martin , and Joanne Bowen

1997 Provisioning Early American Towns. The Chesapeake: A Multidisciplinary Case Study, Final Performance Report. National Endowment for the Humanities Grant RO-22643-93. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Walsh, Lorena S.

1997 From Calibar to Carter’s Grove: The History of a Virginia Slave Community. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Walsh, Lorena S.

1993 Slave Life, Slave Society, and Tobacco Production in the Tidewater Chesapeake, 1620-1820. In Cultivation and Culture, edited by Ira Berlin and Phillip D. Morgan, pp. 170-199. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Weir, Peter

1983 Colonial History of South Carolina. KTO Press, Millwood, New York.

Wells, Camille

1976 Kingsmill Plantation: A Cultural Analysis. Master's thesis, School of Architecture, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Wenger, Mark

1997 Jefferson’s Designs for Remodeling the Governor’s Palace. In Winterthur Portfolio 32(4): 223-242.

West, Alexander

1988 Archaeology and Film: The Unequal Partnership. Master of Arts Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina

Wheeler, Derek , John Metz , Leslie McFaden , and Anna Agbe-Davies

1998 A First Look at a Colonial Farm Quartering Site at Monticello. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Atlanta, Georgia.

White, Esther C., and Dennis J. Pogue

1991 Summary Report on the “House for Families” Slave Quarter Site (44FX762/40-47), Mount Vernon Plantation, Mount Vernon, Virginia. In Archeological Society of Virginia Quarterly Bulletin 46(4): 189-206.

William and Mary Quarterly 24:40.

1968 Notes from the Records of York County.

William and Mary Quarterly 2:4.

1894 (April) Untitled.

Willis, Anne , Christopher Wyckoff , Julie Richter , Kelly Ray , Ann Parker , Christy S. Matthews , Michael Lord , Martha Katz-Hyman , Arthur Johnson , Conny Graft , Ywone Edwards-Ingram , and Lorena S. Walsh

1998 Enslaving Virginia Resource Book. Research Division, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

Winfree, Waverly K.

1971 The Laws of Virginia; being a Supplement to Hening’s the Statutes at Large, 1700-1750. Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia.

Wood, Peter

1974 Black Majority. W. W. Norton and Company, New York.

Wright, Louis B.

1964 The First Gentlemen of Virginia: Intellectual Qualities of the Early Colonial Ruling Class. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Yates, Geoffrey S.

1955 A Note on the Origins of the Names Papine and Mona. Jamaica Historical Society Bulletin, No.II.

York County Deeds and Bonds (YCD).

1773 York County Deeds and Bonds, 8:343-347, June 10, 1773. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

York County Records (YCR).

1747 York County Deeds and Bonds, 5:212-216, August 17, 1747. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

York County Rent Roll (YCRR).

1704 York County rent roll, tract map. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.

York County, Deeds, Orders, and Wills, Volume 4.

Microfilm on file at the Rockefeller Library of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia.